April is Rosacea awareness month so we’re all about Rosacea! Rosacea is a long term skin condition that mainly affects the face in around 415 million people worldwide. It is not contagious or caused by poor hygiene but flare ups can be triggered by a number of things. Here is a brief guide to Rosacea, whilst we hope this helps to shed some light we would always advise consulting a professional for treatment.

Rosacea: A condition in which certain facial blood vessels enlarge, giving the cheeks and nose a flushed appearance.

How can we recognise Rosacea?

Common indicators for Rosacea, include;

  • Redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead
  • Small visible blood vessels on the face
  • Bumps or pimples on the face
  • Skin thickening

If you suffer from Rosacea you may also experience:

  • Burning or stinging
  • Dry skin
  • Swelling
  • Flushing

What Causes Rosacea?

The exact cause of Rosacea remains unknown, however there is a large amount of ongoing research that has lead to a number of theories behind the condition. Alongside neurovascular and immune system factors, the presence of a microscopic mite called Demodex folliculorum has been considered as a potential contributor to Rosacea. This is normally found on the human skin, but has been found to be more abundant in Rosacea patients. Researchers have also discovered that two genetic variants of the human genome may be associated with the disorder. Some people may notice Rosacea to be triggered or worsened by hormones, e.g. when going through menopause.

rosacea before and after

What can we do to treat Rosacea?- Skin Care

We can begin to treat Rosacea, initially by calming and soothing the skin, targeting diffused redness. To do this we can use a more gentle cleanser and avoid products that contain harsh chemicals or physical exfoliants such as gritty scrubs.

We can reduce the appearance of dilated vessels at the surface of the skin that cause the redness using an ingredient called silymarin. This blocks the receptors that receive signals telling the body to dilate these vessels.

Treating the spread of blood vessels will also help. The capillaries can become damaged, creating a blockage which leads to the spreading or worsening or Rosacea symptoms. Preventing this blockage using targeted ingredients allows the blood to flow more freely and prevents further build up.

It’s important to manage bacteria through regular cleansing and repairing the skins compromised lipid barrier. We can reinforce the skin’s barrier using moisturiser and SPF which will also help to reduce sensitivity and any irritation.

When you seek advice from a professional, like ourselves, we would assess your lifestyle, current skin care regime, potential triggers to prevent harmful damage and restore your confidence!

We can promote cellular renewal through exfoliation (the Demodex mites we mentioned earlier feed off of dry skin) by ensuring you are cleansing regularly and with the use of chemical peels that exfoliate gently, yet thoroughly.

Help protect skin against triggers- using anti-inflammatory, desensitising and anti- oxidant ingredients. Boosting lipid production makes the skin less reactive to external triggers.

We would look at using products containing 4-t-butylcyclohexanol, which prevents the peptides (caused by nerve impulses from triggers) from binding to receptor sites on skin cells, which causes flushing, stinging and burning symptoms.

Rosacea treatment

What can we do to treat Rosacea? – Lifestyle Changes

There are a number of lifestyle and environmental factors that may be triggering Rosacea in patients. Making some simple changes can improve your chances of staying in remission after treatment, and reducing your symptoms. Rosacea affects each individual very differently, so take a look through this list to work out what is right for you and your skin. You could keep a diary to help you track what might be triggering your flare ups. The triggers can be broken down into two categories, internal (food, drink, hormones) and external (wind, sun, temperature). These may include:

  • Temperature fluctuations
  • Exposure to wind
  • Hot showers, baths, saunas
  • Stress
  • Certain medications, that may cause flushing
  • Prolonged use of cortisone/steroid cream
  • Dietry aggravators like alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods

Some changes you could make, include:

  • Wearing an SPF of 30 or more, daily
  • Using physical filters (mineral)
  • Reducing sun exposure
  • Avoiding products with irritants like fragrance, certain alcohols, abrasives
  • Getting sufficient sleep/rest
  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet
  • Reducing caffein consumption
  • Reducing alcohol (especially red wine)
  • Avoiding spicy foods

If you’re concerned about your Rosacea, book in for a complimentary skin analysis consultation with one of our specialist aestheticians.

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